Informations on river basins,
Danube to the Loire river, via Narmada, the Three Gorges and the Volga
Select in our worldwide
of our publications
What is a river, a living river?
is the WCD ?
In April 1997,
with support from the World Bank and IUCN-The World Conservation Union,
representatives of diverse interests met in Gland, Switzerland, in
light of a recent World Bank report, to discuss highly controversial
issues associated with large dams. The workshop brought together 39
participants from governments, the private sector, international financial
institutions, civil society organisations and affected people. One
proposal that came out of the meeting was for all parties to work
together in establishing the World Commission on Dams (WCD) with a
- review the development
effectiveness of large dams and assess alternatives for water resources
and energy development; and
- develop internationally
acceptable criteria, guidelines and standards, where appropriate,
for the planning, design, appraisal, construction, operation, monitoring
and decommissioning of dams
The WCD began its work in May 1998 under the Chairmanship of Prof.
Kader Asmal, who was then South Africa's Minister of Water Affairs
and Forestry; its members were chosen to reflect regional diversity,
expertise and stakeholder perspectives.
- The WCD was independent,
with each member serving in an individual capacity and none representing
an institution or a country
- The Commission
conducted the first comprehensive global and independent review of
the performance and impacts of large dams, and the options available
for water and energy development
- Public consultation
and access to the Commission was a key component of the process. The
WCD Forum, with 68 members representing a cross-section of interests,
views and institutions, was consulted throughout the Commission's
work. The European NGOs organised their own hearing
in Bratislava in January 2000.
- The WCD pioneered
a new funding model involving all interest groups in the debate: 53
public, private and civil society organisations pledged funds to the
- The final report
of the World Commission on Dams, Dams and Development: A New Framework
for Decision-Making, was released in London, on November 16th 2000.
- A final meeting
was held in February 2001.
For a comprehensive
information, go to the official site
of the WCD.
to the top of the page
the official WCD Report
report is a milestone in the evolution of dams as a development option.
The debate about dams is a debate about the very meaning, purpose
and pathways for achieving development. Through its Global Review
of the performance of dams, the Commission presents an integrated
assessment of when, how and why dams succeed or fail in meeting development
objectives. This provides the rationale for a fundamental shift in
options assessment and in the planning and project cycles for water
and energy resources development."
: Announcement: WCD+5: Implementing the Recommendations of the World
Commission on Dams. (Expert Workshop, Panel Discussion and Media
Conference in Berlin, November 15)
Citizens' Guide to the WCD Now Available!
The World Bank Position on the Report of the World Commission on
Dams And Development Project Established
IUCN launches new strategy - global action to improve dams
: A dam-builders' perception of post WCD-context
International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD) thinks that "The
WCD recommendations are not universally applicable" and could
lead to "potentially disastrous" results "for developing
ICOLD Meeting: Large Dams and the WCD - an NGO Perspective
: Commission's spinoff to carry torch for reform
after the release of the report, the World Bank announced its
refusal to adopt the WCD recommendations. NGOs are strongly reacting
* the common letter of 85 NGOs
to the World Bank
* other NGO's declarations
position of opponents of the
: WCD Mention in G8 Environment Summit Communiqué
: Changing of the Guard: New Director Appointed for Transition Period
: WCD Wins 2001 Institutional Award from International Association
of Impact Assessment
to the top of the page