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    The Record of Twelve European
    Dam Building Companies

February 2000
A Report by The CornerHouse
Chris Lang, Nick Hildyard, Kate Geary, Matthew Grainger
Published by The Swedish Society for Nature Conservation

Click here to download the complete report (966 Kb zipped Acrobat file)
You can read below an introduction as well as the table of contents of the report


European dam builders, suppliers and consultants continue to promote and export their technologies to the South. The industry projects itself as experts in benign development and providers of economic prosperity, implying that its work has been tested and perfected at home.

However, European campaigners have waged a long struggle against the same industry. Our campaigns have catalysed legislation that bans the building of new large dams in several European countries — but this has been won only after the loss of most of the free-flowing rivers in Europe. Yet today, when the Northern dam industry pushes its technologies onto the South, it ignores, misrepresents or downplays many of the negative environmental, social and economic impacts of large dams which have discredited the industry in Europe.

Southern campaigners fighting battles on issues similar to those faced in the North lack a consolidated source of information from Europe which would help them challenge European dam builders and expose the double standards that they apply at home and in the South.

The Swedish Society for Nature Conservation (SSNC) co-operates with a large number of NGOs in the South to promote information exchange and joint campaigning on issues such as forests, agriculture, international trade and hydropower.

SSNC has therefore commissioned The Corner-House to undertake the present study, “Dams Incorporated”. The study presents — for the first time in one document — the track record of the major European dam building companies. Our hope is that it will serve as a useful tool for NGOs campaigning all over the world against unsustainable large dams.

Alhough the SSNC has commissioned and published the study, and supports its main conclusions, the authors are responsible for the detailed facts and views presented in the report.

Göran Eklöf
Head of the International Department
Swedish Society for Nature Conservation





·        ABB (incorporating Alstom): (Ataturk, Bakun, Batang Ai, Bhumiphol, Cahora Bassa, Ciechocinek, Curui, Guavio, Houay Ho, Ilisu, Itaipu, Karakaya, Maheshwar, Muela, Pangani, Pangue, Salto Caxias, Song Hinh, Tarbela, Theun Hinboun, Three Gorges, Xingo, Zimapan)

·         Balfour Beatty: (Kainji, Lesotho Highlands, Pergau, Samanalawewa, Victoria)

·         Coyne et Bellier: (Ban Mai, Birecik, Bui, Daniel Johnson, Ita, Kariba, Kedung Ombo, Lesotho Highlands, Malpasset, Manantali, Ruzizi II)

·         Electrowatt: (Awash II, Bakun, Glougo, Gourbassi, Houay Ho, Khao Laem, Manatali, Nathpa Jhakri, Pangue, Ralco, Samanalawewa, Theun Hinboun, Xe Pian, Xe Nam Noi, Yali Falls)

·         Impregilo: (Akosombo, Bakolori, Caruachi, Chixoy, Dez, El Cajon, Ertan, Ghazi Barotha, Itezhitezhi, Kainji, Kariba, Kihansi, Lesotho Highlands, Lower  Xialangdi, Nathpa Jhakri, Tarbela, Yacyreta)

·         Knight Piesold and Partners: (Corpus Christi, Ewaso Ngiro, Lesotho Highlands, Nam Theun 2, Omai Tailings, Pergau, Tana River Development, Three Gorges, Turkwell)

·        Kvaerner Energy (now GE Hydro): (Bakun, Bhumibol, Caruachi, High Aswan, Kaptai, Lesotho Highlands, Naptha Jhakri, Pangue, Song Hinh, Zimapan)

·         Lahmeyer International: (Arun III, Bakun, Birecik, Chico, Chixoy, Chulac, Kinda, Lesotho Highlands, Nam Leuk, Nam Theun 2, Sentani, Tasang, Yacyreta)

·        Siemens (incorporating Voith Siemens Hydro): (Itaipu, Maheshwar, Nathpa Jhakri, Three Gorges, Xingo, Yacyreta)

·         Skanska: (El Guavio, Ilisu, Kishen Ganga, Kotmale, Pergau, Uri, Urra I, Yali Falls)

·         Sogreah: (Dai Ninh, Lesotho Highlands, Nam Leuk, Pak Mun, Turkwell)

·        VA Tech (incorporating Sulzer Hydro): (Bhumiphol, Cirata, Ertan, Ilisu, Nathpa Jhakri, Pangue, San Roque, Three Gorges, Urra I)


·        Ilisu (Turkey): (ABB, Balfour Beatty, Impregilo, Skanska)

·        Lesotho Highlands Water Development Project (Lesotho): (ABB, Balfour Beatty, Coyne et Bellier, Impregilo, Knight Piesold, Kvaerner Energy, Lahmeyer International, Sogreah)

·        Yacyreta, Itaipu, Corpus (Paraguay/Argentina/Brazil): (ABB, Impregilo, Knight Piesold, Lahmeyer International, Siemens)

·        Chixoy (Guatemala): (Impregilo, Lahmeyer International)

·        Pangue, Ralco (Chile): (ABB, Electrowatt, Kvaerner Energy, Voest-Alpine)

·        Nathpa Jhakri (India): (ABB, Electrowatt, Impregilo, Kvaerner Energy, Siemens)

·        Bakun (Malaysia): (ABB, Impregilo, Lahmeyer International, Siemens)

·        Three Gorges (China): (ABB, Knight Piesold, Siemens, Sulzer Hydro)

·        European Dam Building Company Contacts

·        Bibliography


The CornerHouse
POBox 3137
Station Road, Sturminster Newton
Dorset DT10 1YJ
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 1258 473795 Fax: +44 1258 473748


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